car idl «a . ; ' re om > °



July 1998

by Tom Adams ello everyone and welcome our new members; Ronald Allen, John Barkenbus, Rick Blythe, Stanley Cope, Harvey Dixon, Garnett Doyle, John Fernandes Jr., Harvey Lawrence, Matthew Montchalin, Jake Smith, Mary Spink and Charles Vander Maas. Their bios appear on pages 19 and 20.

I want to announce that Linda Tanner in MO will be the editor of the Information/Resource list from now on. Please send Linda your name if you want to volunteer to help on a particular piece of software or hardware. By the way, I should mention that some members don’t seem to be reading the Information/Resource list. This list is printed in the last two pages of the membership list. It contains the names of those willing to provide help on various pieces of hardware and software. This is the place to look if you are stuck with a problem and don’t know where to turn. For example, if you have a problem with The Write Stuff word processor contact Jean Nance or Tom Grimm. If they don’t know the answer then there is no answer.

The next issue is September with the membership list. Now is the time to notify Brain Vaughan if you want to become a "Friendly Correspondent’.

In the May issue there was a letter from a member who mentioned that he very seldom receives a "Thank you" for helping someone. Now, it really is not written in stone that you must thank someone for helping you but it does make that person feel a bit better about helping somebody else. I have sent many letters, disks and software to other members and never heard from them again. I feel, as President of the group, that is part of my job. But it does make the job harder when someone asks for help and then doesn’t reply that the advice or whatever was received or even say “Thank you". Please remember that we all have other things to do and a simple thank you goes a long way.

Did you know we have a disk version of The Commodore MaiLink? Fred Knerr produces a disk, either a 3.5" or a 5.25" disk with all the text in the printed version. An extra for those who order the disk is that Fred tries to put some interesting programs on the disk also. I have sent Fred some programs that will appear on the July disk and more for the September disk. All other user groups had a "disk of the month" and this is our attempt to kinda have a disk with programs on it. Since we don’t have a disk library the MaiLink on disk is a close cousin. Let’s give Fred a big "Thank You" for doing this job for the group. Fred also distributes The Write Stuff word processor at a big discount. You can also purchase Gaelyne’s book "The Internet for Commodore 64/128 Users” at a discount from Fred. Don’t forget that Dialogue 128 is now freeware

Sc) ee etete ore!

and available from, who else, Fred Knerr. Fred, Thank You for a job well done.

While I am on the subject of thanks let me say this: Jean Nance, Thank You for being the Managing Editor of The Commodore MaiLink and lining up guest editors every other month and keeping this the quality publication that it is. Brian Vaughan, Thank You for keeping the groups database in such good order that there is never a slip up when you send me the mailing labels for the next issue. Rolf Miller, Thank You for keeping the group on a sound financial keel. Joe Fenn, Thank You for the job of keeping the members e-mail addresses up to date. And finally, Thank You Linda Tanner for taking over the job of keeping the Information/Resource list up to date. De]

by Paul Berry

H ave you ever Said to yourself "I remember seeing something

about that subject in MaiLink” but can’t remember which

issue? Well, I have, on several occasions. I decided that MaiLink is a valuable source of information and I needed an index of the articles in past issues. I am in the process of preparing such an index and have finished the section for 1997. The articles are organized into groups of related subject matter, and include the title, author, issue and page on which the article appears. For example; if you were looking for information on how to prepare greeting cards, and went to the index, you would find:

SOFTWARE Author Issue Page Graphics Printed Graphics "Zeb" Larry 197 7 Koala to Printshop Magic Roger Detaille 3/7 8 An Artists Tool Civic 64/128 Gazette 5/97 17 Coloring in Black and White Maurice Randall 5/97 11 Greeting Cards w/Illustrator II Richard Savoy Th7 8 Cards from Word Processor _ Rolf Miller 1197 7

The index for 1997 is three pages long with 16 categories including Printers, Disk Drives, Word Processors, Spreadsheets, Geos, etc. If you would like a copy, please send me a self-addressed stamped envelope, or at least a stamp and a mailing label.

My address in the 1998 membership list is correct. Ded]

This issue took a total of 23 minutes to print all 20 pages. That is pretty good considering

it totals 220 KB of GEOS files.

5 3. Oo axe te Sete

oreeeee tenets

orateratarererelesece eee 5 etetetere. tenet enet etter rotate ee ate n ete se 8 Fp a ee oe ea 2 5.8 Bese ete te 6 04 eee ete

TOM ADAMS, President. 4427 39th St. Brentwood, MD 20722-1022

Ph. (301) 927-8826. Organization Business and Membership. Also Newsletter Printing and Distribution.

FRANCIS REDMOND, Vice-President. Rt7, Box 7614, Palestine, TX 75801.

ROLF L. MILLER, Treasurer.

492 Anacapa St. Ventura, CA 93001

Dues and Donations.

(Checks to the trust account must be made out to ROLF L. MILLER).


2101 Shoreline Dr. 352,

Alameda, CA 94501-6245 Membership Addresses and Biographies; Corrections and Changes.

JEAN NANCE 1109 Briarcliff Dr., Urbana, IL 61801 Newsletter Managing Editor.

FRED KNERR P.O. Box 2, New Tripoli, PA 18066-0002 Editor, "MAILINK ON DISK".

JOSEPH F. FENN 3612 Puuku Makai Dr., Honolulu, HI 96818 E-Mail Addresses and Changes.

atatetetetecetetereteracersrarscecatetatereteversensssocese oo etatatacetetatetete terete RS

am very happy to be able to publish the

Commodore MaiLink this month. For

starters I would like to send a big THANK YOU to all of the people who have contributed to this issue. As an Editor that has to be the biggest relief - not having to fill 20 pages by oneself. Anyone publishing a User Group Newsletter has been in that situation a time or two.

The second thing I want to explain is a little about the contents of this, the July 1998, edition of the MaiLink. I avoided placing (continued on...) notices at the end of a page. If an article ends it is marked with an envelope symbol (®). If no symbol is present at the bottom of a column the article continues on the next page or column (like this one).

Thirdly, one of the things I enjoy about my PC=’s (Personal Commodores) is helping others get the most out of their hardware and software. For years I was President of our local User Group (CUE - Commodore Users of Edmonton) as well as being Newsletter Editor. I have always enjoyed passing on helpful hints and lessons so others can push the limits of their PC=’s.

In the process I try to remember that not everyone has the same amount of equipment that I do (and in some cases people have more). Reading over the March Membership list I was amazed at the hardware listings of our members - some very leading edge stuff here.

The hardware list, plus the interests of members, guided me in some of my own writing for this issue. I counted 65 members listing GEOS or Desktop Publishing as an interest. In addition, another 42 members list an interest in Word Processing, Illustrator-I, Print Shop/PrintMaster, FGM, and the all-encompassing, but rather nebulous, Productivity in their bios. This comes to over 100 members with an expressed interest in putting down on paper what is important to them - and doing it with their PC=’s (let’s see - at 6 issues per year we should have enough MaiLink editors to last for the next 17 years).

On the other hand, I can count fewer than 10 members who list a Laser Printer as part of their equipment. In an e-mail exchange earlier in the year Jean Nance told me that this imbalance could cause a certain amount of flak if too much space was devoted to a piece of equipment that few members own. Hopefully, this won't be the case as everyone can learn to use this hardware without owning it. If you feel I have overdone things give me the grief and not Jean or Tom.

While I am one of the members who has my own Laser Printer I have only joined that ’exclusive’ group in the past year. For the balance of the time since I first

July 1998 Commodore MaiLink


printed a GEOS document on a Laser in November 1988 I have AEE 5 used many Lasers and many methods to access them. 2 7 : Since a 300 or 600 dpi laser (I’ve also printed my files on a Article Autho

Page 1200 dpi PostScript Printer) provides extremely clear printouts I feel it only makes sense to use one (hopefully this newsletter will Meeting News Tom Adams 1 show you what can be done). Plus, geoPublish allows you to work MaiLink Index Paul Berry 1 " coh ae Te sae ubine software it is entirel OE ae ee eeoP yen None : = 1 y ee possible to create some top-notch output. You don’t need to spend a Editor's Desk Bruce Thomas 2 lot of money changing platforms (upgrade is aterm I don’t like to July Index 3 use), just use what is available. As I proved for 9 years you don’t Treasurer's Report Rolf Miller 4 even need your own Laser Printer. MaiLink on Disk Fred Knerr 4 If you can locate a Laser Printer connected to an IBM or Mac My 64 and I Fred Knerr 4 computer you are well on your way. I explain, starting on Page 7, You Asked For It 4 the process and software that you need for a variety of methods of Constructing MaiLink 4 accessing a Laser for your GEOS output. This is an editted version of 7 articles I wrote for our club newsletter. C-64 Keyboard Cleaning Walter Warman 5 Even if you don’t use GEOS you can still use a Laser. Eric Lee TWS & Reset Switches Bruce Thomas 5 did with TWS - just find out the codes. Material can also be Save for Retirement Rolf Miller 5 imported into a friends’ GEOS for printing. Many options exist. Letter From Grandma Fred Knerr 6 This issue isn’t just about Lasers but also contains many Laser Printing Bruce Thomas 7 articles about things that everyone may not have or use but that can extend the capabilities of your computer. Anyhow, enough about Best of Both Worlds Bruce Thomas 8 my computer philosophy. It is time to get down to business. Laser Fonts 9 Your September MaiLink Editor will be Earl Williams who Wet & Wild Centerfold! 10 sent this along: Feedback Rolf Miller 11 Submission cutoff: August 24th [arrive by then] BBR and an IBM F ici Redmond 11 Format: any type, but I prefer GeoWrite. Ebonizer & J uno Francis Redmond 12 Disk type: ’71, ’81, FD, HD and ZIP if you got’em! Looking for Something? Buy, Sell, Trade 13 I'll also take e-mail attachments, my e-mail address is: PC or PC=? Rolf Miller 14 I’ve dealt with just about everything E-mail Changes Joe Fenn 14 Ll Dialogue Revisited Joe Fenn 14 My home address is: Earl Williams, 263 East Parkview Dr., Grand Junction, CO 81503-2034. Handy Scanner Dick Estel 15 If you want certain graphics or fonts please let me know and I QBB Repairs Csaba Csaszar 17 will do my best to get the nearest thing to it or, in the instance of UnZip64 V2.00 mail from Gaelyne 17 graphics, you can send a photocopy and I’ll scan it in and put it in Christmas all year lon g G aelyne Gasson 18 your portion of the newsletter. I use GeoFAX to scan things BTW Dried Out Newt Ludlum 19 not a fancy flatbed. If I can do it with Commodore then I do. And I : have the SCPU so things should go nicely as I already have a setup Golf Buddies his sour for the September Newsletter. New Members Brian Vaughan 1) Fontmaster 64 Bill Kennedy 19 Be]

Earl’s Laser is almost identical to mine. In an attempt to see if Earl can get more into the September issue I have used LW-Roma

10 point font for Tom’s Meeting News, my Editor’s Desk and the A Few Comments

New Members columns. The rest of the newsletter is laid out with This newsletter was created as two ten-page geoPublish files

LW-Roma 12 point text for the body of the articles. If the 10 point (due to the 16 page limit of gP files). During preparation I used

font is too small please let Earl know. If the 10 point font is the Thumbnail option of geoPubLaser to print proofs. This option

OK maybe Earl could use that and get more info into the next prints all pages of a geoPublish file onto one sheet of paper. The

MaiLink. Your input is needed to make the MaiLink, your pages are printed at 22% regular size but some of the text is still

group connection, the best it can be. readable. I can easily check placement of graphics and the way the N.B. - In any article if you see round parentheses (like these) newsletter looks as it takes less than 20 minutes to print the 2

they belong to the author. Square brackets [like these] are thumbnail pages.

comments inserted by myself. A program by Joe Buckley called "Thumbnail’ (on the RUN

Be] | GEOS Power Pak available from CMD) does the same for geoPaint files and is a great way to catalog your pictures.

6 . 5 (x ane ‘~ . De EO8665500 “\ aay r? eg on eS 65 we pate ROR. pe

enGEOy your newsletter. bruce

Commodore MaiLink July 1998 3

used clone (no manual). I had to replace the sound card and the CD drive, to the tune of $170.00. I could have

by Rolf L. Miller, Treasurer bought a Super CPU from CMD, for just a bit more | ollowing is a summary of the trust account as of money. I also had to buy DOS for Dummies and wo May 31, 1998. Windows for Dummies. I am beginning to get the hang Balance 3-31-98 $2373.80 1-1-98 $2507.80 | of the clone, but still do the majority of my work on my Credits 170.00 761.00 trusty 64C, the best computer ever made. De] Debits 200.00 925.00 F&F : o

5-31-98 2343.80 5-31-98 2343.80

letter from Donald Bowman was featured on Pg 5 of the May issue and it requested information on the hardware and software used to produce each issue of the MaiLink. I didn’t include that in my Editor’s Desk column due to space limitations but it is in a separate ba article further down this page. I agree wholeheartedly with Donald that it is important : #1 | to see what equipment and software was used to create by Fred Knerr ae the newsletter. Not only for new members like Donald but for people who have been members for a long time also - think of it as being a demo at a regular meeting. This is a great way to let people know what they could create with their PC=’s and how others do it. Looking back through the copies of MaiLink that I have received since joining the group I don’t see too many that don’t list what they used (at least the word

The Credits include all dues and donations received during the period. The Debits are all the expenditures (including advances) during the period. The cost of printing, envelopes, and postage for the May MaiLink came to $324.69 advanced in March).

f you enjoy puzzles you will like the July issue. A program that uses dd and A graphic files to make puzzles of various difficulty will be included. I have received about twenty disks full of programs, games, and utilities. I look forward to passing these along to you, as space will allow.

Answers to questions about MaiLink Disk. processor and printer). Some give a more detailed cy) Cost $1.00 ($6.00 per year) in the US accounting while some, like me, may provide too much. $] 0 ($7.20 per year) in Canada I list as much as I could think of but don’t provide all of

$1.50 ($9.00 per year) everywhere else - Format 3.5" or 5.25" disk Tee Disk made with The Write Stuff

Seq. readers included on disk his issue of the Commodore MaiLink was Six issues per year produced on a JiffyDOS’d Commodore Payable before Jan. 1, 1999, to Fred Knerr. 128D with internal 1571 Drive (modified with Single issues see above. bed | an On/Off switch), an FD-2000 3.5" Disk =| | Drive and a 16 MB RamLink with 512KB 1764 REU. This system was further enhanced with a 1351 Mouse and a 20 MHz SuperCPU 128 containing 16 MBs of RAM on the internal SuperRAM card. Internet access to retrieve e-mail messages and submissions was via Novaterm 9.6 using a SwiftLink Cartridge and a Boca 14.4 Kbps Fax Modem. TWS 128 was used to translate and spell check ASCII files received over the Internet and also to write some original material. TWS files were translated into GEOS format with the Text Grabber utility. All text files, once in geoWrite format, were converted to LW-Roma ,

the details on how I do/did things. Anyway, here it is....

by Fred Knerr

y eldest son was in college taking computer M science. I went to pick him up for the summer. Among all the normal boxes were several long boxes of IBM type punch cards and a Commodore setup. While he was at home he enlightened me as to the powerful computer within that tiny keyboard. To say that I found the price to be excellent would be an understatement.

Ten years later, after trying to talk me into an Amiga or IBM clone, he finally gave in and bought me a

4 July 1998 Commodore MaiLink

BRS eoetete ae

12-point font using the Toolkit utility by Rick Krantz. Page layout was handled by geoPublish with output going to a QMS-PS 810 PostScript Laser Printer via a patched geoPubLaser program and a geoCable parallel connection.

Fonts used include LW-Roma (text), LW-Zapf (titles), LW-Cal (author names and page footer), LW-Shattuck (envelope at end of articles) and LW-Barrows (prog listing Pg 6). Software included TWS 128, GEOS 64 V2.0, the new Wheels upgrade, Paint Rotate, ScrapCan, Photo Mover V3.0, Photo Manager, WrongIsWrite V8, geoSpell, Text Grabber, GeoWrite File Merger, geoPaint, geoWrite, GeoPublish and geoPubLaser (patched for geoCable). Graphics came from Dick Estel’s F.R.D., Newsroom, Diskart,

by Walter C. Warman | n the January 1998. —-&———_—_$_$_$—$__$___________ i ssue of th e SS _—— Mailink there was an article by Joe Garrison in regard to the above subject.

1. There is alcohol and there is alcohol. What grade or type was not specified. DO NOT, and I repeat, DO NOT use common Rubbing Alcohol. When it evaporates a film or residue is left which can make for poor contact electrically. Use Isopropyl Alcohol which is 91% by volume and does not leave a residue. You may have to ask the druggist for it or you may even find it on the shelf.

2. Also DO NOT use ordinary cotton swabs which may leave little hairs of cotton which can go unnoticed and cause faulty contact. Use Lintless Swabs that may be found at Radio Shack. Drug stores may carry them, I have just never bought them there.

3. This is good practice for any electronic cleaning where good contact is needed. The above procedures were learned in the AM, FM and TV stations I have worked at where we had maintenance to do on many types of equipment.


Three things are certain:

Printer not ready. Death, taxes and lost data.

Could be a fatal error.

Guess which has occurred. Have a pen handy?

Commodore MaiLink

ovenere oe etete orotate!

and then start again with a fresh load of TWS.

July 1998

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by Bruce Thomas

olf Miller’s Feedback on Page

8 of the May MaiLink contained a method of retrieving text after a lockup of TWS. This process required that the user have a reset switch installed on their 64 (and Rolf provided instructions to do just that on Page 10). Everyone should have a reset Switch installed on their 64 - the 128’s come with one and many utility cartridges also provide one. Installing one in the computer, as Rolf described, is the handiest solution.

Although it seems that Rolf did a thorough job of dissecting TWS for text recovery there is one item that escaped Rolf’s attention (yes I sent him an e-mail). There are instructions for recovering TWS text on the bottom of Page 8 of the TWS 64 manual (middle of Page 19 of the TWS 128 manual).

If you accidentally reset your computer (or if you reset it with a reset switch after a lockup) you can easily recover TWS and all of your text by entering the Poke and the SYS commands listed. Entering these two commands on separate lines causes TWS to appear on your screen with all of your text intact. A SAVE at this point will ensure that your masterpiece is

on disk. Since something must have gone wrong to cause the lockup it is wise to shut down the computer


by Rolf L. Mi he May issue of the MaiLink arrived on what’s called "Tax Freedom Day". According to those

who calculate such things, this is the day of the year at

which the average tax payer has earned enough to pay the coming tax bill [oh boy, in Canada that comes in

early July if we are lucky J.

If you figure that that comes to 35% of your income, you're right. And if you figure that that is more than you pay for food, clothing, and shelter, you’re right. And if you know your history, you know that Medieval serfs had to turn over a third of their income to the lord -- and they were considered slaves.

On the other hand, if 35% of your income goes for taxes and 35% goes for food, clothing, and shelter, you still have control of 30%. While half of the MaiLink

readers are already retired, that still leaves a large the result by .03 (as a guide, 1.03 to the power of 10 is number who ought to give thought to the finances of 1.34391638, minus 1 is .34391638, divided by .03 is

their retirement plans. 11.4638793). Then use the result to divide the short-fall

Now, you’d think that all the talk about Social amount. The answer tells how much must be saved : Security’s financial woes (which is where some of that annually to amass what’s needed by age 65. Dividing it VY 35% tax bill goes) would prevent people from counting | by 12 tells the amount to save monthly. on Social Security to fund their retirement. But a peek While this is a natural task for the into the financial affairs of the average pre-retiree finds | calculator, it is also an easy exercise over half with less than $50,000 put away. In case the to program on the computer. The absurdity of that amount escapes recognition, under- short routine following this text does stand that a person requires a minimum of 70% of the calculations. With a program, current income in order to retire at the same standard of | different scenarios are easily figured. living they currently enjoy. For instance, if subsistence on less

To get an idea of just how much a person needs to than 70% of current income is necessary to make a accumulate between now and age 65 to retire situation realistic, change the value of R in line 10 to, comfortably requires knowing the approximate annual say, .65 for 65% or .6 for 60%. Or, the retirement age amount that can be expected from Social Security (if you| could be adjusted upwards by changing the Y=65-CA in haven’t obtained a printout of your Social Security line 50 to, say, Y=70-CA (and it’s noted that Social records, wisdom suggests getting it -- unless you think Security pays a higher amount if retirement is delayed to the government will have their computers fixed before 70). On the other hand, if it’s thought that a higher the year 2000. Check your phone book for the number | interest rate assumption is realistic, change the value of to call). 'T’ in line 60 to, say .04 for 4% or .05 for 5%.

To the Social Security amount, add any amount Type in, save, and run this program, making entries expected from pensions. Next, multiply current annual as prompted. income by 0.7, then subtract the Social Security and a a

: ; 10 r=.7:print:input"ann.income ";ai:ai=ai*r

pension amount. The result is the annual make-up DO Eine sinputl soe lsec.apensiOn es wo amount needed to provide for retirement. Multiply the 30 a=(ai-ss)*17.4 result by 17.4 to determine how much must be 40 print:input"curr.savings & etc.";s accumulated by age 65 to provide that annual amount for} 50 print:input"curr.age ";ca:y=65-ca the expected years following age 65. 60 1=.03:£= (141) y:n=a~ (£*s)

Now total up all amounts currently saved, including _ nee : : ar mea aa sepce, baler any anu in IRA's, 401(k) 'S, profit sharing, and any 90 ar area as to save ionth ee ay other investments and savings. Next, figure how many be]

years before age 65 is reached. Then, calculate 1.03 to the power of number of years before 65 (if your


calculator won’t do powers, turn on your Commodore submitted by Fred Knerr < } momma and type PRINT 1.03 followed by the "up arrow’ key ello Grandson: ieee tl and the number of years. As a guide, 1.03 to the power Us old folks are worth a fortune, with silver in our

of 10 is 1.34391638). Then multiply the result by the hair, gold in our teeth, stones in our kidneys, lead in our

current amount saved. This calculates what the value of | feet, and gas in our stomach. the current savings will be at age 65, assuming 3% I have a lot more social life in the passing of the

compound interest after inflation and taxes. years, some might even call me a frivolous old gal. I am Substract the resulting amount from the amount seeing five gentlemen everyday.

previously figured to be needed by age 65. This tells the As soon as I wake, Will Power helps me get out of short-fall amount: that must be saved to accumulate the | bed. Then! go to see John. Then Charley Horse comes needed retirement amount. Next, factor in 3% along, and when he is here, he takes a lot of time and compounded interest assuming annual | attention. When he leaves Arthur Ritis shows up and

deposits. To do this, calculate 1.03 to the | stays the rest of the day. He does not like to stay in one _) power of years before 65, subtract 1, and divide | place very long, so he takes me from joint to joint.

6 July 1998 Commodore MaiLink

After such a busy day, I am really tired and glad to go to bed with Ben Gay. What a life.

P.S. - The preacher came to call the other day. He said at my age I should be thinking about the here after. I told him I do, all the time. No matter where I am, in the parlor, upstairs, in the kitchen, or down in the basement. I ask myself, Now what am I here after?

Love, GrandMa bx

by Bruce Thomas () ver the past 10 years I have used many methods to get my GEOS files to print on a PostScript Laser Printer. I will try to provide as many details here as possible so that you can see how easy the process is and

the variety of methods available to use. Don’t feel that not

owning one of these printers 1s reason not to use one. From GEOS, there is no better method of getting your documents onto paper.

First things first. You can use an RS-232 modem interface cable and a null modem cable. This connection is required to use geoPubLaser or geoLaser in their original form. The programs support 1200 and 9600 baud communication.

Here are the printer settings I used. In GEOLaser or GEOPubLaser select 9600 BAUD for transfer rate. Set the printer for 9600 also along with Postscript Batch files, RS-232 interface, 8 data bits and 1 stop bit. Parity at Mark and Xon/Xoff for Flow Control.

I used this connection method for about a year at a computer store a club member managed. After they stopped stocking the C-64 I borrowed another friend’s SX-64 and continued to use the display NEC Laser.

When the store closed I had to find a different method. Another club member had a PostScript Laser at work. I was able to get a version of ’Publaser that would work with the PS.Patch(2.0) program and printed a couple of test files to disk. These were uploaded to the club BBS. Dave d-loaded the files at work where he printed them (PostScript seq. files can be dumped from the IBM to the Laser - copy filename Ipt1).

This process was used until Dave got a program

called Disk2Disk so our method changed. I would drop a

The document you’re seeking must now be retyped.

Serious error. Screen. Mind. Both are blank.

1541 disk off at Dave’s house and he used his Amiga with Disk2Disk to read the file and save it to an Amiga disk. He would then copy the file to an IBM disk using DOS2D0OS, take that to work and read it into a Macll fx and send it to the Mac Laserwriter. Presto, hard copy.

One thing that must be noted is that you absolutely must have the properly matched versions of geoPublish and geoPubLaser. If you don’t your printout will be very messed up. I have had files print where continued text from one page to the next just repeats the first page, where graphic images override the text and where no text appears at all. To be sure that you have the proper versions follow these guidelines:

For geoPublish dated 10/8/87 use geoPubLaser dated 3/10/88. For geoPublish dated 10/4/88 (two-disk version) use geoPubLaser dated 10/25/86. With the properly matched versions your output will be fine. If you create a document with one version of geoPublish and later edit it with the other version you must still use the geoPubLaser that matches the "Publish first used to create the document. Once you get a matched set don’t use the other version. It is best to use the two-disk gP as it fixes a number of bugs such as no access to DA’s after printing and text problems in long documents.

The Nov. ’91 issue of Compute’s Gazette featured an article on getting your files printed by a Mac or IBM hooked to a PostScript laser. While I have covered a lot of this info already (patching ’Publaser and modem transfers) it is not only a Mac or IBM that can print your files. In fact - you don’t even need a PostScript equipped Laser Printer!

Most of you probably know that geoLaser and geoPubLaser are designed to print to a Postscript equipped Laser and are probably wondering if I’ve lost my mind but it is true...


The June ’91 issue of INPUT (an Edmonton produced computer news magazine) featured an article on Page 9, by Nancy Lorieau (a CUE member), on Amiga DTP utilities. Reading through this I was intrigued by the file called Post 1.6. This isa POSTSCRIPT Interpreter that prepares the page in the computer memory and then sends it to the printer. The

With searching comes loss and the presence of absence :

Commodore MaiLink

"My Novel" not found. Out of memory.

July 1998 7

compatible printers and is said to give good output on dot-matrix. You need an Amiga with at least 1MB of RAM and ARP library (v39+) and the ConMan (v1.3+) shell. Check your local Amiga User Group or BBS for the necessary files. PC’s also have PostScript interpreters available if you wish to check them out.

After a while my friend Dave didn’t have access to the Laser at work. I found a copy shop that did publishing and you could access their computers and printers for a fee. I used their IBMs as well as their Macs. At one point they upgraded their Mac Operating System and I had problems the next time I went to print. It seems that System 7.1 of the Mac operating system won’t recognize files on IBM formatted disks properly. If the disk has been read in a System 7.0 environment first, the files show up, but 7.1 will not see the icons otherwise. Luckily, they had a couple of machines that did not get the system upgrade so I just used them.

Don’t feel that not owning one of these printers is reason not to use one. From GEOS, there is no better method of getting your documents onto paper.

My childrens’ elementary school bought some Macs for their computer lab and got an Apple Laserwriter as well. Having this equipment so close to home seemed like the perfect excuse to buy some new equipment myself. After receiving the final issue of RUN magazine I picked up an FD-2000 drive from CMD. I also ordered Big Blue Reader so that I could transfer my files to IBM disks by myself. What I needed, though, was a program for the Macs so they could read IBM formatted disks.

I got lucky and was able to pick up a second hand copy of the program and loaded that on one of the computers at the school. I could now transfer my files to an IBM disk at home and take them to the school to dump to the Apple LaserWriter with a MAC. On the newer MACs the ability to read IBM disks is built-in so the extra program isn’t required.

I have used 300 dpi Lasers, 600 dpi Lasers and a 1200 dpi Lasermaster printer. All produce excellent results due to the use of PostScript.

In addition to geoPublish and geoPubLaser a copy of

PS.Patch(2.0) is required to patch the geoPubLaser program to save files to disk rather than sending them to a printer. Verifying that your files are OK with WronglsWrite (WiW) prior to trudging off to the printer

comes in handy. Run WiW on your PostScript file to convert it to geoWrite format. Scan the file and ensure that all of your text is present. Errors can be corrected here as well but be careful not to do too much in case the formatting gets ruined. Convert the file back to TRUE ASCII with WiW and you are off.

GeoPublish comes with 5 Laser Fonts identified by names beginning with LW-’. For best output on a PostScript Laser use these fonts in your documents. The geoLaser (for geoWrite files) and geoPubLaser programs substitute the Laser’s own internal fonts for the LW fonts during printing (know which fonts are in the laser you will use). There are a total of 11 LW fonts available for GEOS users (LW-Galey and LW-Zapf are the same but Zapf looks better on the screen). Dale Sidebottom has a Laser Lover’s disk available that includes all of the LW fonts plus lots of good information and a useful program (PostPrint) for printing PostScript files directly to a laser. Regular GEOS fonts will print on a Laser but remain at the normal 80 dpi resolution of GEOS like this sentence using Durant 12 point

from the FontPack Plus. De]

| by Bruce Thomas

f you have spent any time at all with your

Commodore computer you know that there are plenty of options to choose from when it comes time to pick a printer. We can use Dot-Matrix, Ink Jet or Laser printers and, once we decide on what kind we want, we even have a choice of connection options - Direct Connect, Serial Interface or Parallel cable. These choices, however, are greatly influenced by our software.

As newer software came along the concept of using printer drivers developed, or the software was easily customizable. GEOS 1s one of the packages that uses printer drivers with support for both serial and parallel connections. An excellent example of an easily customizable program is The Write Stuff (TWS). TWS lets the user set the control codes for their own printer’s features if the default settings don’t work. The 128 version of TWS also supports a parallel printer connection.

If you are lucky, all of the software you want to use supports the faster parallel connection. If you aren’t, you will be stuck using an interface. Or, you can get an A-B Switch Box (roughly $20).

An A-B Switch is also commonly called a Data

July 1998 Commodore MaiLink

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Transfer Switch. The Switch is generally a small metal box about 5 inches square and 2 inches high with a rotary Switch on the front and a number of connectors on the back. Depending on the number of connectors on the back you can connect various pieces of equipment. Make sure you get the model with the 36 pin Centronics connectors so that you can plug your printer interface and/or geoCable connector into it. If your local store doesn’t carry this model ask them to order one from the manufacturer for you.

For a simple setup, where you have some software that uses the serial connection through an interface and some software that uses the parallel connection, a three outlet switch is what you want. To connect to this switch, hook up your interface as you normally would - off the disk drive or plugged into the serial port on the

computer. Connect the interface to the A connector on the

back of the switch. Connect your parallel cable from the computer to the B connector on the switch.

For the connection to the printer you will need another

cable. If you buy a cable at the same store as you buy the switch make sure you get one with male Centronics connectors on both ends. These cables can be expensive ($15-$20) so a better option is to get an old ribbon cable

Here is another reason to use a ribbon cable from the switch to the printer. The PC computers have no need of this +5 V power from the printer so the cable you can buy for $20 doesn’t have a wire connected to pin 18. If your interface is expecting +5V on pin 18 it will not get it once you connect it to a switch box. The use of an inexpensive ribbon cable will bring that connection to the switch box.

This yields yet another problem. While the switches are sold as being 36-pin switches the manufacturer knows that there is seldom any cause to use all 36 pins and so saves money on the rotary switch and uses one that only connects the most common pinouts (mine only connects 25 pins). To move the +5V from your ribbon cable to your interface you will need to open up the switch box and move some wires around or add a short jumper. Of course, you are on your own as far as responsibility for your safety and equipment is concerned if you undertake this procedure. If you aren’t comfortable with soldering get someone else to do it for you.

Other A-B options would be to share one printer between two computers. An Aa-Bb Switch will let you connect two printers as well as your interface and

with the Centronics connectors. I buy these at the local used computer store out of the dollar bin.

Once you have the proper cable it must be connected from the "Input-Ouput’ connector of the A-B Switch to the printer. Once everything is connected you are ready to f use your printer with all of your software. If you are : using parallel cable aware software you just select B with =“ —— the rotary switch on the front and your parallel cable will hen you turn the page you will see what . be connected to the printer. For older software that geoPublish can do in the reproduction of gr aphics doesn’t support the parallel connection choose A on the a that get re-sized. When "LW- switch and your interface will make the connection to the (laser) fonts ae used they also printer. N benefit from crisp sizing from 4

You now have the best of both worlds. But, there are S, to 192 points. This Special problems here if you have made any modifications to Text ISTO! Set in geoWnite but your interface. Like a lot of people I re-wired my in Page Graphics and can also be interface so it would get its +5V power from the printer printed with styles and shading. rather than the cassette port of my 64. Most printers supply +5V on pin 18